Black cottonwood resin has disinfectant properties and has been used by Coast Salish people for sore throats and coughs as well as being applied directly to wounds to prevent infection. Wet Wood (bacterial): Occurs in Cottonwood and Lombardy Poplar. The leaf has fine teeth, unlike the other cottonwoods. Cottonwood Tree Facts Native Americans used cottonwood trees for dugout canoes and even transformed its bark into a medicinal tea. Black Cottonwood Populus balsamifera subspecies trichocarpa Plant type Deciduous tree Size 30′ – 100’x25′ – 30′ Light Full sun Water Regular Zone 6 to 10. Black Cottonwood Tree Identification. Cottonwood trees grow very fast making them desirable for timber production. Black cottonwood is the key species in both the Black Cottonwood-Willow Type and the Cottonwood-Willow Type of the Society of American Foresters system of forest classification. The Black Cottonwood, Populus balsamifera, grows mostly west of the Rocky Mountains and is the largest Western cottonwood. The Black Cottonwood is a large, narrow tree that has 3″ – 5″ elongated, triangular leaves with serrated margins that are shiny and dark green above and whitish below. It reaches from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains. may predominate locally. This disease is caused by a bacterial infection. Growth: Black Cottonwood grows very fast, several feet each year. Some cottonwood trees have been known to add six feet or more in height every single year! Some male cultivars are available to homeowners, and hybrid poplar, also called Carolina poplar (Populus deltoides x Populus nigra) is also cottonless. The aggressive root systems of black cottonwood are effective soil Traditional uses included cart wheels and wagon bottoms. Black poplar wood is fine textured, soft and almost white in colour. Conservation: Black cottonwood is a very fast-growing and potentially large tree, easy to establish, and useful for shade and ornament. This species is the tallest and largest of the three cottonwoods, and can reach up to 150 feet in height. The following points should help you to identify a black cottonwood. 8225 Waters Road • Moorpark • CA 93021 • p 805 523-8604 • f 805 523-2298 Here are some fun facts about these magnificent trees. Cottonwood trees feature male and female parts on separate trees (female trees are the ones that produce the … Pustules later turn dark brown or black. I have very strong memories of cottonwood trees because I have come across them a lot in my explorations of Utah and the Rockies. The Fremont Cottonwood can be found throughout the southwestern United States and into northern Mexico while the Black Poplar is native to Europe and western Asia. (See the section on Wet Wood in the Elm Disease section for details and control) Rust (fungus – Melampsora medusae): Small, yellowish-orange pustules on lower surfaces of leaves. Distribution: Black Cottonwood is found from coastal Alaska to the mountains of California, with some growing as far south as northwest Mexico. In the first, it is usually pure or predominant, but arborescent willows (Salix spp.) It is naturally springy and resistant to shock. Cottonwood trees grow throughout the south-west and into the Rocky Mountains. Personally, I find that certain kinds of trees have a special kind of majesty. The more tender inner bark was used for food in the spring and summer, and old dead leaves were boiled and used in baths to treat body aches and stomach problems. In the Cottonwood-Willow Type, black cot - It is also called Western balsam poplar and California poplar. Because of its natural fire resistance it was often used for floorboards, especially in the days of paraffin lamps. 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